Very first things very first: make sure you are reinstalling/restoring for the right reason. Generally this will fix any and all software problems you may have: viruses, spyware, bad drivers, failed update or removal of a program, registry errors, etc. It is also a very good idea to reinstall/restore Windows if you bought a second-hand pc. However this will not help if your rekentuig has any hardware problems. Use the “Hardware” section on this webpagina to attempt to identify and fix any hardware problems very first.
All laptops come with some means of restoring or reinstalling the operating system and software. Some, like most Dells come with a Windows CD and drivers/software CDs. Others like Toshiba and Sony come with HD pic based restore CD/DVD sets. All Macs come with reinstallation DVD sets, and most of the surplus come with a restore partition on the hard disk or a combination of CD and partition.
On all computers that have a hidden restore partition on the hard disk, there is a utility that will let you burn your own restore CDs or DVDs. Also you can purchase that set from the manufacturer, usually for a nominal price covering just the shipping and treating. Of course, if you are restoring to a fresh hard disk, you have to have thesis CDs or DVDs.
There are several steps ter reinstalling/restoring the software on your laptop: backup your files, reinstall the OS, install any fresh or updated drivers, install and update your antivirus, antispyware, firewall, etc. update Windows, install and update your software, copy your files back.
If your hard disk is bruised and you are substituting it, you can attempt to copy any files zometeen, after everything is installed on the fresh HD. If you are reinstalling because of a virus infection and Windows wouldn’t begin to permit you to copy your files, you have two options: take the HD out and use an outer USB opbergruimte to transfer your files to another laptop, or make a bootable CD, commence your laptop from it and use an outward USB hard disk or a flash drive (with enough capacity) to store your files temporarily. It is also possible to commence your laptop from a bootable CD and copy your files to another laptop overheen a network, but that would take much longer. And of course if you are one of the fortunate people that has latest backup, you can skip this step entirely.
Reinstall or restore Windows
If you are restoring from a CD, make sure your pc starts from it (usually press “F12” or “F8” spil soon spil you see something on the screen, or switch the boot order te the BIOS). If restoring from a partition, see your documentation on how to begin the process (“F11” on Gateway, “Ctrl” + “F11” on Dell, etc.).
If you are installing from a Windows installation CD, you have more options. Do not choose “Repair my current installation” option just after you press “F8” to accept the license. This only works if your Windows files have become corrupted after installing a fresh driver or fresh update, or after switching the motherboard on a desktop PC. When you are reinstalling because of a virus infection, best is to delete the current partition and let the installer partition and format your hard disk again.
At this point you have the option to split your hard disk into two (or more) partitions. This is indeed a very good idea, spil you can install Windows on “C:” and keep all of your files on “D:”, so when you have to reinstall Windows again, you can format “C:” and all of your files will remain untouched on “D:”. Some laptops come setup that way by default – all Sony, some IBM, etc. You will usually need 8 to 10GB for Windows and all of your programs, and the surplus for storage.
To do that, after deleting the existing partition (press “D”, then “Enter”, then “L”), create a fresh one (by pressing “C”) and switch its size to 8000 for 8GB or 10000 for 10GB “C:” partition. You can leave the surplus of the hard disk unpartitioned for now. Then install Windows and spil soon spil it finishes, go to Control Panel ->, Administrative Contraptions ->, Rekentuig Management, then click on “Disk Management”, then right-click on the unpartitioned space of your hard disk and choose “Create Partition”. Go after the prompts to create and format a NTFS partition. After it finishes formatting, this will emerge spil “E:” drive ter “My Computer”.
If you want to switch the drive letterteken to “D:”, right-click on your CD/DVD drive (still te “Disk Management”) and choose “Change Drive Letterteken and Paths…”, then click “Change”, then select anything after “F:”, then click “OK” and dismiss the warning. After that repeat thesis steps for the 2nd partition you just created (right-click on it… etc.) but choose “D:” for the drive letterteken. After that repeat again for the CD/DVD drive choosing “E:” spil the drive letterteken and close the Disk Management/Pc Management utility. It is best to perform this step instantaneously after creating a fresh partition or formatting an existing partition, spil all the references to any files that are presently on the partition will switch.
Now go to “Control Panel ->, User Accounts” and create a fresh “Limited User” account (you can use any name and password for it). Then loom off (Begin ->, Loom Off ->, Loom Off) and loom on the fresh account. Now go to “Control Panel ->, Display” and choose the 2nd tabulator “Desktop”, then click “Customize Desktop”. Now check the “My Documents”, “My Computer” and “My Network Places” checkboxes and uncheck “Run Desktop Cleanup Wizard Every 60 Days”, then click “OK” and “OK” again to save the switches.
Then go to “My Computer” and open “D:” (or “E:” if you didn’t switch the drive letterteken), right-click on the empty space there and choose “New ->, Folder” and rename the folder to “My Documents”.
After that right-click on “My Documents” on your desktop and choose “Properties”, then click on “Move” and select “My Pc ->, D: ->, My Documents” (the folder you created earlier) and ultimately click on “Apply”. Windows will ask if you want to copy the content to the fresh folder, click “OK” and “OK” again to close the control panel. Now all of your documents will be stored by default te the folder you created on the “D:” drive.
Drivers, Antivirus, Windows Updates
If you have a separate drivers CD (like most Dells), install all drivers now. If you restored from a System Restore CD set or partition, all drivers should be already installed. If you are still missing some drivers (check te “Control Panel (click on “Switch to classic view” on the left) ->, System ->, Hardware tabulator ->, Device Manager”), you will need to download them on another pc and copy them to a CD or a flash drive and then install them on your rekentuig. All drivers for almost all brands and models of laptops can be fount on the manufacturer’s support web webpagina.
There is a very handy utility te case you don’t know what drivers you need: UnknownDevices.exe. You will also need to download the pcidevs.txt opstopping http://members.datafast.nipt.au/
dft0802/downloads.htm and waterput it ter the same folder spil UnknownDevices.exe and run the utility. UnknownDevices will scan all the hardware on your pc (the PNPIDs) and for each “Unknown Device” it will give you the chip monster, the chip’s manufacturer and the device manufacturer, which on a laptop is always your laptop manufacturer.
After all drivers are installed, connect to the Internet and install your antivirus, antispyware, individual firewall, etc. and update them all. Then go to “Control Panel ->, System ->, System Restore” and stir the slider all the way to the left, providing it 200MB of disk space. The Windows System Restore is useful te only two occasions: if a driver or Windows update doesn’t install decently and the rekentuig wouldn’t begin ter normal mode but still starts ter safe mode, or if your registry files become corrupted and (after ruling out hard disk and memory problems) you want to restore your registry by mitt.
Now still ter the “System” control panel go to “Automatic Updates” tabulator and select “Notify mij but don’t automatically download…”. Then click “OK” to save the switches. After that Automatic Update will pop-up pretty soon telling you that two updates are available. Download and install them, then restart when done. Now Automatic Update will pop-up again and will tell you that there are overheen 60 updates available. Now is the time to go to “Advanced…” and uncheck any updates you may not want at this time, like the fresh (at time of writting) IE7 or the somehow controversial “Windows Genuine Advantage”. Download and install the surplus. Or if you choose, run Windows Update.
Install your software and copy your files back
At this point I would strongly suggest to download and install either Firefox or Opera and use any of them spil your main web browser. After that install all of your software and check for any updates for it. And eventually copy all your files back to “My Documents” and the desktop.
If you backed-up any emails, you will have to invoer them back after creating your email account(s).
- For Outlook Express select “File ->, Invoer ->, Messages ->, Microsoft Outlook Express 6 ->, Select “Import mail from an OE6 store directory” and click “OK”, then navigate to the folder that contains your .dbx files and click “OK” again to invoer them.
- For Outlook: select Opstopping ->, Invoer and Uitvoer ->, Invoer from another program or verkeersopstopping ->, Next ->, Select “Personal Folder Verkeersopstopping (.pst)” ->, Next ->, Browse and select the copy of your outlook.pst ->, Next ->, Finish.
- For Thunderbird: make sure Thunderbird is not running, then copy the folder to exactly the same location “C ->, Documents and Settings ->, [your user name] ->, Application Gegevens ->, Thunderbird”.
- You can invoer your bookmarks ter Firefox or Opera from whitin the program.
The folder “Application Data” is usually “invisible”. To be able to see it you will have to enable “Show hidden files and folders” temporarily te Control Panel ->, Folder Options ->, View.